Heritage and History

The community of Burradon and Camperdown grew rapidly from a colliery being established in 1820. It was a fairly typical North-East mining community. Read about its history in a series of articles ranging from prehistoric discoveries to present-day life.

In This Section

Burradon and Camperdown history in chronological order (annotated sources)

Prehistoric - Burradon has been occupied since the 5th or 6th century B.C. Read the archaeological reports and find out more...

Village Names - Camperdown was once known as Hazlerigge. At what date and why did it come into existence?...

1066-1819 - In 1317 John de Weetslade (Camperdown) joined a rebellion against the King. The rebellion failed and John was stripped of his land which was granted to William de Heslerigge...

Tower House - A tower dating from the 16th century stands eerily alone and ruinous at Burradon Farm. It was once the focal point of the village...

1820-28 - A small coal pit was sunk and marked the beginnings of the community as we know it today...

1829-58 - The centre and culture of village life moves from the old medieval settlement surrounding the farm to the ever expanding colliery village of Camperdown...

1859-94 - A mining disaster made the community famous countrywide...

Village Social Conditions - Breathe the air of England's green and pleasant land. Not in 1870s Burradon, unless you wanted to re-taste your breakfast...

The Co-operative Society - From humble beginnings in the 1860s, it served the community well for over a century...

1895-1914 - Living conditions gradually improve and the mining families take control over their own affairs with the building of a Co-op store and working men's social club...

1915-present - Remember the "United" buses?  They first started operations through Camperdown on 01 July 1936...

Burradon Bowling Club - by Ralph Wilson...

Planning Applications - In 1953 permission was granted for a new school and cinema beside Weetslade Terrace. They were never built...

Boundaries and Administration - The line between Burradon and Camperdown is the old Seaton Burn wagonway. But where was it before the wagonway existed?  From the "Maps" section...

The articles above give a list of historical events in the community of Burradon and Camperdown with only brief background information. To get a flavour of the life and times in this area it is recommended that you visit the websites listed in Heritage Backround Info. Here you will find reconstructions of historical sites, learning journeys through periods of history, brief histories of our surrounding towns and villages, and searcheable databases of objects, photos, illustrations and paintings depicting North-East life.

For a more detailed background history the following books are useful and readable. Some are now out-of-print, but can be found second-hand or in the local studies libraries: Life and Tradition in Northumberland and Durham, Frank Atkinson, Dent; North East England in the Middle Ages, Richard Lomas, John Donald; Terry Jones' Medieval Lives, Terry Jones and Alan Ereira, BBC Books; Northern Counties from AD1000, McCord and Thompson, Longman; North East England 1760-1960, N. McCord, Batsford; The Buildings of England - Northumberland, Pevsner et al, Yale University Press.

See also